Tips and advice to maintaining your tyres - Know how to identify abnormal wear

Know how to identify abnormal wear

Maintaining your tyres Brody

Uneven wear – asymmetrical, in the centre, at the edges – often indicates a mechanical problem or that you are driving at the wrong pressure. In any case, the intervention of a specialist is required.

Wear on the tyre shoulder Wear situated on the shoulder of a 4x4 tyre - Copyright © : Rezulteo

Your tyres must be replaced when they have reached the minimum level shown by the wear indicator. However, abnormal wear may appear in some places although the wear indicator is not showing. In this case, you will have to change your tyres sooner than anticipated.

This type of wear is usually the sign of a mechanical problem – alignment, balancing, suspension, transmission – or the wrong pressure (or even sporty driving). If you notice this, contact your tyre specialist.

Different types of wear

  • Bizarre wear (in spots, waves, oblique areas)
  • Asymmetrical wear
  • Wear in the centre
  • Wear at the edges of the tread

Spot wear

Tyre spot wearCopyright © : rezulteo

This type of wear usually occurs on the rear tyres. It may be caused by wrong wheel balancing, but also by the bad condition of shock absorbers.

Asymmetrical wear

Asymetrical tyre wearCopyright © : rezulteo

Increasing wear on one side of the tyre is due to abnormal road friction caused by an alignment fault. Even tread wear is important to ensure the performance of a tyre. 

Wear in the centre

Central wearCopyright © : rezulteo

Greater wear in the centre of the tread is usually due to prolonged over-inflation. Check the pressure of your tyres once a month.

Tyre worn at the edges of the tread

Tyres worn at the edgeCopyright © : rezulteo

More pronounced wear at the tyre shoulders usually means prolonged under-inflation. This should be avoided as it reduces the life of the tyre and increases fuel consumption due to greater rolling resistance.

rezulteo's advice

Pass your hand over the tread in both directions. If you notice spot wear, this usually means that your shock absorbers are worn or that your tyres are badly balanced. Have the wheel balancing or suspension checked.